=Instrumental verbal nouns =



Here are some examples of instrumental verbal nouns:

ganǫhsanohsda̲hkwaˀ

air conditioner

literally: it is used for cooling the house

akyęda̲hkwaˀ

chair

literally: it is used for sitting

gye̲heyˀǫdaędahkwaˀ

funeral home

literally: place used for holding bodies

This type of verbal noun takes the instrumental ending -hkwaˀ, meaning instrument used for...

The instrumental suffix often combines with three part-words (verbs) to produce new nouns. Here are some examples:

Part-word

Approximate meaning

Cayuga word

Meaning

Approximate literal meaning

-ędahkwaˀ

a place where something is put

ehwihsdaędahkwaˀ

a bank

literally: a place where someone puts money

-odahkwaˀ

an instrument used for putting things somewhere

ǫdręnodahkwaˀ

musical instruments

literally: an instrument where someone puts songs

-ǫdahkwaˀ

an instrument that sticks out somehow

ǫtnaˀdaǫdahkwaˀ

a bread pan

literally: bread sticks out of it



None: InstrumentalVerbalNouns (last edited 2013-06-02 13:12:55 by LanaWilliams)