Cayuga has many different types of verbs, and it is possible to classify Cayuga verbs in several different ways. For example, a basic distinction can be made between intransitive and transitive verbs. Verbs can also be classified according to whether they allow noun incorporation or not.
But Cayuga verbs don't just describe actions. For example, adjectival verbs describe states, like being happy, or being red. Other Cayuga verbs describe the position of an object. Some verbs even seem more like nouns; they can describe kinship relations like my mother, or your older sister, or concepts like farmer, horse, etc.
So how do you know that, for example, an 'adjectival verb' is a verb, and not an adjective? Well, no matter what function they perform, all verbs have two things in common:
pronominal prefixes (describing person -- you, she, I, etc. -- and number -- one, two, or more than two); and
Aspect (describing notions such as, for example, whether an action happens just once, or occurs all the time; also describing states).
- (Commands, or imperative verbs, do not have an aspect; however, any imperative can be changed into a verb that has an aspect.)
The types of Cayuga verbs are described in the following pages:
verbs describing an action
- intransitive, volitional
- intransitive, nonvolitional
- transitive, volitional (some allow or require noun incorporation)
- transitive, nonvolitional (some allow or require noun incorporation)
verbs describing a state (adjectival verbs); (some allow or require noun incorporation)
positional verbs; (some allow or require noun incorporation)